Carlos Montemayor

Carlos Montemayor

( He/Him/His )
Professor and Advisor for B.A. in Philosophy: Concentration in Law, Graduate Coordinator for Continuing Students
Philosophy of Mind and Psychology, Metaphysics and Epistemology
Phone: (415) 338-7029
Location: Humanities 322
Office Hours:
Mon: 1:00 p.m. - 3:00 p.m.

Office hours are via Zoom. Please email to schedule an appointment and get the Zoom link.

Recent Publications

New Book!

Montemayor, C. (2023) The Prospect of a Humanitarian Artificial Intelligence: Agency and Alignment.

Journal Article

"Types of Consciousness: The Diversity Problem." Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 15:38. November 2021.

Book Chapter

Wittmann, M. & Montemayor, C. (2021). Reinterpreting the Einstein-Bergson Debate through Contemporary Neuroscience. In A. Campo & S. Gozzano (Ed.), Einstein vs. Bergson: An Enduring Quarrel on Time (pp. 349-374). Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter.

Book on the Epistemology of Attention

"Knowledge, Dexterity, and Attention: A Theory of Epistemic Agency."

Contemporary cognitive science clearly tells us that attention is modulated for speech and action. While these forms of goal-directed attention are very well researched in psychology, they have not been sufficiently studied by epistemologists. In this book, Abrol Fairweather and Carlos Montemayor develop and defend a theory of epistemic achievements that requires the manifestation of cognitive agency. They examine empirical work on the psychology of attention and assertion, and use it to ground a normative theory of epistemic achievements and virtues. The resulting study is the first sustained naturalized virtue epistemology, and will be of interest to readers in epistemology, cognitive science, and beyond.

From Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.


"Hard Problems and Then Some." Richard Marshall. 3.16, October 2020.

"Consciousness Live! Discussion with Carlos Montemayor." Podcast Interview (Host: Dr. Richard Brown), July 2018.


"Consciousness, Attention and Language." Diverse Intelligences Summer Institute, September 2021.